We are pleased to announce the Top 10 Downloaded Articles from ESJ in 2019.

Read and download the articles by clicking the links.


1- Clinical practice guidelines for the management of non-specific low back pain in primary care: an updated overview 

Crystian B. Oliveira, Chris G. Maher, Rafael Z. Pinto, Adrian C. Traeger, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Jean-François Chenot, Maurits van Tulder, Bart W. Koes


2- Sagittal balance of the spine

J. C. Le Huec, W. Thompson, Y. Mohsinaly, C. Barrey, A. Faundez


3- Red flags presented in current low back pain guidelines: a review

Arianne P. Verhagen, Aron Downie, Nahid Popal, Chris Maher, Bart W. Koes


4- An updated overview of clinical guidelines for the management of non-specific low back pain in primary care

Bart W. Koes, Maurits van Tulder, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Luciana G. Macedo, James McAuley, Chris Maher


5- A systematic review on the effectiveness of physical and rehabilitation interventions for chronic non-specific low back pain

Marienke van Middelkoop, Sidney M. Rubinstein, Ton Kuijpers, Arianne P. Verhagen, Raymond Ostelo, Bart W. Koes, Maurits W. van Tulder


6- Bacteria: back pain, leg pain and Modic sign - a surgical multicentre comparative study

Peter Fritzell, Christina Welinder-Olsson, Bodil Jönsson, Åsa Melhus, Siv G. E. Andersson, Tomas Bergström, Hans Tropp, Paul Gerdhem, Olle Hägg, Hans Laestander, Björn Knutsson, Anders Lundin, Per Ekman, Eric Rydman, Mikael Skorpil


7- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can identify painful lumbar discs and may facilitate improved clinical outcomes of lumbar surgeries for discogenic pain

Matthew G. Gornet, James Peacock, John Claude, Francine W. Schranck, Anne G. Copay, Robert K. Eastlack, Ryan Benz, Adam Olshen, Jeffrey C. Lotz


8- Mechanical complications in adult spinal deformity and the effect of restoring the spinal shapes according to the Roussouly classification: a multicentric study

Amer Sebaaly, Martin Gehrchen, Clément Silvestre, Khalil Kharrat, Tanvir Johanning Bari, Gabi Kreichati, Maroun Rizkallah, Pierre Roussouly


9- A review of microscopy-based evidence for the association of Propionibacterium acnes biofilms in degenerative disc disease and other diseased human tissue

Manu N. Capoor, Christof Birkenmaier, Jeffrey C. Wang, Andrew McDowell, Fahad S. Ahmed, Holger Brüggemann, Erin Coscia, David G. Davies, Soren Ohrt-Nissen, Assaf Raz, Filip Ruzicka, Jonathan E. Schmitz, Vincent A. Fischetti, Ondrej Slaby


10- The contradictory effect of macrophage-related cytokine expression in lumbar disc herniations: a systematic review

N. Djuric, G. C. M. Lafeber, C. L. A. Vleggeert-Lankamp