Kimiaki Sato, Kensei Nagata, Teruyuki Hirohashi

March 2001, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 52 - 56 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s005860100257

First Online: 07 March 2001

Chemonucleolysis with chymopapain is an effective alternative to an operation for the treatment of some patients who have a lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. However, chymopapain is associated with rare but serious complications. Accordingly, alternative substances for chemonucleolysis have been sought. The main beneficial effect of chemonucleolysis derives from the decrease in the intradiscal pressure. We have previously reported that hypertonic saline injected into the intervertebral discs decreased the intradiscal pressure, but only temporarily. The present experimental study investigated changes in the intradiscal pressure after a repeat intradiscal injection of hypertonic saline. The lumbar intervertebral discs of 18 living rabbits were examined: 10% hypertonic saline was injected intradiscally just once in 12 rabbits, and the same dosage was injected again, 4 weeks later, in the same animals. The intradiscal pressure was measured at 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the second injection. The remaining six rabbits were used as controls, without puncture and without injection. The intradiscal pressure of the group with repeat hypertonic saline injection at 4 weeks was significantly lower than that of the control group. The decreased pressure showed a tendency to increase at 8 weeks, and it had recovered at 12 weeks. The results of this study suggest that repeat hypertonic saline injections may be clinically useful.

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