Vincent Arlet, Patrice Papin, Dante Marchesi, Max Aebi

August 1999, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 266 - 271 Original article Read Full Article 10.1007/s005860050171

First Online: 05 August 1999

Forty-one patients with thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with only a posterior spine fusion using specialized pedicle hooks (SPH) (hooks augmented with 3.2-mm screws) at the apex of the curve were reviewed in order to assess the effectiveness of this correction method. Inclusion in the study group required a minimum of 2 years’ follow-up and the same strategy of correction where the apical vertebrae (3 or 4 vertebrae on the concave side) were instrumented with SPH. The mean preoperative Cobb angle was corrected from 55° (42°–80°) to 18° (67%) postoperatively and to 23° (58%) at the last follow-up (28–50 months) for a flexibility index of 46%. Apical vertebral translation was corrected to 70% at the last follow-up. Thoracic kyphosis remained unchanged, from 23° to 26°, and the lumbar lordosis went from –53° to –59°. The lumbar curve was corrected from 38° to 18°. Coronal balance improved from 10 to 1 mm; shoulder balance was improved from 15 to 5 mm. The rib hump was improved from an average of 30 mm preoperatively to 15 mm postoperatively, but only to 25 mm at the last follow-up (17% of correction). One case of a spastic bladder was observed postoperatively, which resolved completely after 8 months. Three patients had to have their instrumentation removed because of pain. There was no complication related to the use of the SPH. The authors conclude that apical correction with SPH allows effective scoliosis correction without spinal distraction and does not require supra- or infralaminar hook in the spinal canal.

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