M. M. R. Hutten, H. J. Hermens


December 1998, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 454 - 460 Original article Read Full Article 10.1007/s005860050108

First Online: 10 December 1998

The purpose of this study was to investigate which demographic parameters are most important in relation to lumbar dynamometry performance in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). Forty-five chronic LBP patients participated in this study. Gender, age, weight and height were determined and a lumbar dynamometry measurement was carried out, using the Isostation B200. Student’s t-test, ANOVA techniques and correlation coefficients were used to investigate the relationships between each demographic parameter and lumbar dynamometry performance. Stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were performed afterwards to determine which demographic parameters are most important in relation to lumbar dynamometry performance. Results indicate significant relationships (1) between gender, height, weight and all lumbar dynamometry parameters and (2) between age and three of the six isometric torque parameters. No significant relationship was found between age and maximum velocity parameters. Results of the stepwise multiple linear regression analyses show that the demographic parameters explain 27–47% of the variance in maximum isometric strength parameters and 19–25% of the variance in maximum velocity parameters. Gender is the most important demographic parameter, being related to nearly all maximum isometric torque parameters (percentage explained variance 6–37%) and height is the only important demographic parameter related to the velocity parameters (percentage explained variance 19–25%). Weight and age account for only a small amount of variance in lumbar dynamometry parameters (percentage explained variance 5–7%), meaning that these parameters are non-relevant predictors.


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