H. F. H. Halm, U. Liljenqvist, T. Niemeyer, D. P. K. Chan, K. Zielke, W. Winkelmann

October 1998, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp 429 - 434 Technical innovation Read Full Article 10.1007/s005860050103

First Online: 19 October 1998

Halm-Zielke instrumentation (HZI) was developed to eliminate the disadvantages of Zielke instrumentation (VDS) in terms of lack of primary stability and a kyphogenic effect. HZI is an anterior double-rod system. The system is composed of a lid-plate, which is fixed at the lateral aspect of the vertebral body with two screws, a sunk screw anteriorly and a VDS screw posteriorly. The lid-plate design provides the lowest possible implant profile. The longitudinal components consist of a threaded VDS rod and a solid, fluted rod. Correction is performed with the threaded rod and the solid rod. The solid rod allows internal derotation and relordosation, eliminates the Zielke three-point lever system and augments the system. The fluted design of the rod provides rotatory stability. This is a report of the first ten consecutive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients in a prospective clinical trial using HZI with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Curves ranged from 36° to 77°. Correction of the frontal plane averaged 77.5% and 72.2% postoperatively and at follow-up, respectively. Thoracolumbar kyphosis was present in three patients and corrected in all from an average of + 18° to +1.7° at follow-up. Implant-related complications were not observed. All patients were treated without any additional external immobilization. In our opinion, HZI is a major improvement on the original Zielke VDS. It eliminates the kyphogenic effect and provides primary stability.

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