G. Lainé, J. C. Le Huec, B. Blondel, S. Fuentes, V. Fiere, H. Parent, F. Lucas, P. Roussouly, O. Tassa, E. Bravant, J. Berthiller, C. Y. Barrey

October 2022, pp 1 - 14 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-022-07410-9

First Online: 03 October 2022


Spinal osteotomies performed to treat fixed spinal deformities are technically demanding and associated with a high complications rate. The main purpose of this study was to analyze complications and their risk factors in spinal osteotomies performed for fixed sagittal imbalance from multiple etiologies.


The study consisted of a blinded retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a large multicenter cohort of patients who underwent 3-columns (3C) spinal osteotomy, between January 2010 and January 2017. Clinical and radiological data were compared pre- and post-operatively. Complications and their risk factors were analyzed.


Two hundred eighty-six 3C osteotomies were performed in 273 patients. At 1 year follow-up, both clinical (VAS pain, ODI and SRS-22 scores) and radiological (SVA, SSA, loss of lordosis and pelvic version) parameters were significantly improved (p 


Spinal 3C osteotomies were efficient to improve both clinical and radiological parameters despite high rates of complication. Efforts should be made to reduce operative time which appears to be the strongest predictive risk factor for complication.

Read Full Article