Intraoperative imaging and navigated spinopelvic instrumentation: S2-alar-iliac screws combined with tricortical S1 pedicle screw fixation
Tarik Alp Sargut, Nils Hecht, Ran Xu, Georg Bohner, Marcus Czabanka, Julia Stein, Marcus Richter, Simon Bayerl, Johannes Woitzik, Peter Vajkoczy
June 2022, pp 1 - 10 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-022-07268-x
First Online: 30 June 2022
The present study aimed to assess the feasibility, safety and accuracy of navigated spinopelvic fixation with focus on S2-alar-iliac screws (S2AIS) and tricortical S1 pedicle screw implantation with the use of high-resolution three-dimensional intraoperative imaging and real-time spinal navigation.
Patients undergoing navigated intraoperative CT-based spinopelvic stabilization between January 2016 and September 2019 were included. Pelvic fixation was achieved by implantation of S2AIS or iliac screws (IS). S1 screws were implanted with the goal of achieving tricortical purchase. In all cases, instrumentation was performed with real-time spinal navigation and intraoperative screw positioning was assessed using intraoperative computed tomography (iCT), cone-beam CT (CBCT) and robotic cone-beam CT (rCBCT). Screw accuracy was evaluated based on radiographic criteria. To identify predictors of complications, univariate analysis was performed.
Overall, 52 patients (85%) received S2AIS and nine patients (15%) received IS instrumentation. Intraoperative imaging and spinal navigation were performed with iCT in 34 patients, CBCT in 21 patients and rCBCT in six patients. A total number of 10/128 (7.8%) iliac screws underwent successful intraoperative correction due to misalignment. Tricortical purchase was successfully accomplished in 58/110 (53%) of the S1 screws with a clear learning curve in the course of time. S2AIS implantation was associated with significantly fewer surgical side infection-associated surgeries.
Real-time navigation facilitated spinopelvic instrumentation with increasing accuracy of S2AIS and tricortical S1 screws. Intraoperative imaging by iCT, CBCT or rCBCT permitted screw assessment with the chance of direct navigated revision of misplaced iliac screws to avoid secondary screw revision surgery.
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