Timothy Y. Wang, Vikram A. Mehta, Eric W. Sankey, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Khoi D. Than, William R. Taylor, John Pollina, Luiz Pimenta, Muhammad M. Abd-El-Barr

May 2022, pp 1 - 7 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-022-07255-2

First Online: 19 May 2022


Prone transpsoas fusion (PTP) is a minimally invasive technique that maximizes the benefit of lateral access interbody surgery and the prone positioning for surgically significant adjacent segment disease. The authors describe the feasibility, reproducibility and radiographic efficacy of PTP when performed for cases of lumbar ASD.


Adult patients undergoing PTP for treatment of lumbar ASD at three institutions were retrospectively enrolled. Demographic information was recorded, as was operative data such as adjacent segment levels, operative time, blood loss, laterality of approach, open versus percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation and need for primary decompression. Radiographic measurements including segmental and global lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacral slope and sagittal vertical axis were recorded both pre- and immediately post-operatively.


Twenty-four patients met criteria for inclusion. Average age was 60.4 ± 10.4 years and average BMI was 31.6 ± 5.0 kg/m2. Total operative time was 204.7 ± 83.3 min with blood loss of 187.9 ± 211 mL. Twenty-one patients had pedicle screw instrumentation exchanged percutaneously and 3 patients had open pedicle screw exchange. Two patients suffered pulmonary embolism that was treated medically with no long-term sequelae. One patient had transient lumbar radicular pain and all patients were discharged home with an average length of stay of 3.0 days (range 1–6). Radiographically, global lumbar lordosis improved by an average of 10.3 ± 9.0 degrees, segmental lordosis by 10.1 ± 13.3 degrees and sagittal vertical axis by 3.2 ± 3.2 cm.


Single-position prone transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion is a clinically reproducible minimally invasive technique that can effectively treat lumbar adjacent segment disease.

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