Qiang Wang, Changtai Sun, Liang Zhang, Lin Wang, Quan Ji, Nan Min, Zilong Yin

March 2022, pp 1 - 9 Review Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-022-07150-w

First Online: 06 March 2022


To compare high- versus low-viscosity bone cement on the clinical outcomes and complications in patients with Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) who underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).


PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for papers published from inception up to February 2021 for potentially eligible studies comparing high- versus low-viscosity cement for PVP/PKP. The outcomes were the leakage rate, visual analog scale (VAS), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).


Eight studies (558 patients; 279 in each group) were included. The meta-analysis showed that the leakage rate was lower with high-viscosity cement than with low-viscosity cement (OR = 0.23, 95%CI 0.14–0.39, P < 0.001; I2 = 43.5%, Pheterogeneity = 0.088); similar results were observed specifically for the disk space, paravertebral space, and peripheral vein, but there were no differences regarding the epidural space and intraspinal space. The VAS was decreased more significantly with high-viscosity cement than with low-viscosity cement (WMD = − 0.21, 95%CI − 0.38, − 0.04, P = 0.015; I2 = 0.0%, Pheterogeneity = 0.565). Regarding the ODI, there was no difference between high- and low-viscosity cement (WMD = − 0.88, 95%CI − 3.06, 1.29, P = 0.426; I2 = 78.3%, Pheterogeneity < 0.001).


There were lower cement leakage rates in PVP/PKP with high-viscosity bone cement than low-viscosity bone cement. The two groups have similar results in ODI, but the VAS scores favor high-viscosity bone cement. Therefore, the administration of high-viscosity bone cement in PVP/ PKP could be a potential option for improving the complications of leakage in OVCFs, while the clinical efficacy of relieving pain is not certain.

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