Shengbiao Ma, Zhenghai Zhou, Zongmiao Wan, Pingguo Duan, Sheng Huang, Jiang Xu, Wenqiang Deng, Chunyang Wu, Kai Cao
January 2022, pp 1 - 9 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-07075-w
First Online: 04 January 2022
This study aimed to compare osteotomized debridement (OD) with traditional curetted debridement (CD) in treating thoracolumbar tuberculosis (TB).
A total of 188 patients were diagnosed with active thoracolumbar TB and underwent one-stage posterior surgery at our institution. Of the 188 patients, 85 patients were treated with OD, and 103 patients were treated with traditional CD. The patient information, laboratory results, imaging findings, and clinical effectiveness were, respectively, compared between the two groups.
Group OD consumed less operation time and blood loss than group CD (P < 0.05 for both values). No significant difference in hospitalization time was found between the two groups (P > 0.05). The values of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in both groups returned to the normal range within one month postoperatively. All patients had significant improvement in visual analog scale (VAS) and oswestry disability index (ODI) postoperatively. The mean fusion time in group OD was shorter than that in group CD (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in preoperative kyphotic angle between the two groups (P > 0.05), but group OD showed less correction loss than group CD at the final follow-up (P < 0.05). The rate of recurrence and surgery-related complications in group OD was lower than group CD.
Posterior OD, reconstruction with titanium mesh cages (TMCs), and instrumentation is feasible and effective in treating thoracolumbar TB. Compared with the traditional CD, OD can achieve radical lesion removal, more effective kyphosis correction, lower recurrence rate, and fewer complications.
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