Yanjie Xu, Zongshan Hu, Linlin Zhang, Abdukahar Kiram, Chen Ling, Zezhang Zhu, Yong Qiu, Zhen Liu

January 2022, pp 1 - 9 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-07039-0

First Online: 17 January 2022


To investigate the optimal lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) in the treatment of Scheuermann kyphosis (SK) with different curve patterns.


Fifty-two SK patients who underwent posterior surgery between January 2010 and December 2017 with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups based on the curve pattern: the Scheuermann thoracic kyphosis (STK group) or Scheuermann thoracolumbar kyphosis (STLK group). Based on the relationship between the sagittal stable vertebra (SSV) and LIV, both groups were further divided into the SSV group and SSV-1 group. Radiographic parameters, distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) incidence and SRS-22 questionnaire scores were evaluated.


In STK and STLK groups, there were no significant differences in most pre- and postoperative radiographic assessments between SSV and SSV-1 subgroups. DJK incidence showed no significant differences between groups during follow-up (P > 0.05). LIV-PSVL was significantly more negative in the SSV-1 group than that in the SSV group (P 


Shorter fusion stopping at SSV-1 achieved comparable clinical outcomes and did not increase the risk of DJK for both STK and STLK patients. For patients whose preoperative LIV-PSVL 

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