Comparison of interventions and outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 2456 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis cases
Robert Koucheki, Martin Koyle, George M. Ibrahim, Jeremie Nallet, David E. Lebel
December 2021, Volume 30, Issue 12, pp 3457 - 3472 Review Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06984-0
First Online: 15 September 2021
The objective of this meta-analysis and systematic review is to compare the methodology and evaluate the efficacy of Enhanced recovery after Spine Surgery (ERAS) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to compare the outcomes with traditional discharge (TD) pathways.
Using major databases, a systematic search was performed. Studies comparing the implementation of ERAS or ERAS-like and TD pathways in patients with AIS were identified. Data regarding methodology and outcomes were collected and analyzed.
Fourteen studies (n = 2456) were included, comprising 1081 TD and 1375 ERAS or ERAS-like patients. Average age of patients was 14.6 ± 0.4 years. Surgical duration was on average 35.6 min shorter for the ERAS group compared to TD cohort ([2.8, 68.3], p = 0.03), and blood loss was 112.3 milliliters less ([102.4, 122.2], p
Use of ERAS after AIS is safe and effective, decreasing surgical duration and blood loss. ERAS methodology effectively focused on reducing time to first ambulation, PCA discontinuation, and urinary catheter removal. Outcomes showed significantly decreased LOS without a significant increase in complications. There should be efforts to incorporate ERAS in AIS surgery. Further studies are necessary to assess patient satisfaction.
Level of Evidence III
Meta-analysis of Level 3 studies.
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