Jean-Luc Clement, Ludovic Le Goff, Ioana Oborocianu, Olivier Rosello, Carlo Bertoncelli, Federico Solla, Virginie Rampal


June 2021, pp 1 - 7 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06904-2

First Online: 27 June 2021

Purpose

The modification of cervical lordosis (CL) after adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery is influenced by the correction of thoracic hypokyphosis. The quantification of the increase of CL as a function of the increase of thoracic kyphosis (TK) has never been calculated.

Methods

A total of 92 consecutive AIS patients who underwent a posterior thoracic selective fusion, corrected by simultaneous translation on 2 rods technique, with minimum 24-month follow-up, were analyzed from a prospective database. We evaluated global sagittal kyphosis and lordosis. CL was divided by the horizontal line in proximal (PCL) and distal cervical lordosis (DCL), likewise TK in proximal (PTK) and distal TK (DTK), and lumbar lordosis (LL) in proximal (PLL) and distal LL (DLL).

Results

The mean TK gain was 16°, 14° and 28° in the whole cohort, normokyphosis group and hypokyphosis group, respectively. The mean DCL gain was, respectively, 9°, 7° and 20° and the mean CL gain 8°, 5° and 21°. There was a strong correlation between TK gain and CL gain (coefficient = 0.86) and between TK gain and DCL gain (coefficient = 0.74). The regression equation was defined as DCLgain = − 3 + 0.75 × TKgain (p 

Conclusion

60% of the TK gain was transferred to DCL gain. Correlations reflect the geometrical equivalence between PTK and DCL. The use of sagittal global measurements shows that DCL is equivalent to PTK and can be expressed as a function of pelvic parameters (DCL = PT + LL-PI). DCL must be considered to optimize the postoperative sagittal alignment of the spine.


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