Pedro Berjano, Andrea Zanirato, Francesco Langella, Andrea Redaelli, Carlotta Martini, Matteo Formica, Claudio Lamartina


August 2021, Volume 30, Issue 8, pp 2323 - 2332 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06888-z

First Online: 03 June 2021

Background and purpose

In cases of spine surgical revisions of patients affected by sagittal malalignment, the restoration of the ideal lumbar lordosis (LL) is mandatory. ALIF procedures represent a powerful and effective approach to improve the LL in case of hypolordosis. This study evaluates the feasibility of ALIF to overpower posterior lumbar instrumentation and fusion mass in revision spine surgery and secondarily to estimate complications, clinical and radiological outcomes.

Methods

This is a single-center retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on the use of ALIF overpowering in cases of lumbosacral instrumentation and/or fusion. Demographic, comorbidity, corrective strategy adopted, surgical data, clinical and radiological results, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded.

Results

Twelve patients (3 male; 9 female) underwent overpowering ALIF L5-S1 were included in the study with a mean FU of 34.0 ± 13.4 months. In 10 cases, a posterior titanium instrumentation and fusion mass were present; in 2 patients, only a fusion mass was present. Indicators of pain and disability improved in all patients (p < 0.01). Sagittal realignment with the restoration of ideal spinopelvic parameters was obtained in all cases. One peritoneal lesion requiring intraoperative suture without sequelae, two cases of postoperative radiculopathy, and one posterior wound infection requiring surgical debridement and antibiotic therapy were reported.

Conclusions

Anterior implant of lordotic and hyperlordotic cages with increasing segmental lordosis is possible in the presence of posterior instrumentation and/or solid fusion mass. The biomechanical strength of this corrective technique can overcome posterior instrumentation and bone fusion resistance, therefore allowing a single-staged surgery for sagittal realignment.


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