Wei Zhang, Hai-yang Yu, Hong-liang Wang, Guo-hui Zheng, Yun-lei Zhai, Xi-long Cui, Ji-shi Jiang, Jian-xiang Zhang, Cai-liang Shen, Yichen Wang


November 2021, Volume 30, Issue 11, pp 3209 - 3215 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06883-4

First Online: 12 June 2021

An innovative adjustable prone positioning frame for treatment of severe kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis with two-level osteotomy

Purpose

This study aims to introduce an innovative adjustable prone positioning frame (APPF) and explore its feasibility and safety for treatment of severe kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) with two-level osteotomy.

Methods

A retrospective, non-controlled study was conducted to illustrate the process where 13 patients diagnosed with severe kyphosis secondary to AS received operations on the APPF. Parameters of chin brow vertical angle (CBVA), global kyphosis (GK), thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK), lumbar lordosis (LL) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA) were measured. Positioning time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss aḥd complications were also determined. The Scoliosis Research Society outcomes instrument (SRS-22) was applied for clinical assessment.

Results

All patients were placed on the APPF successfully with the positioning time of 2.92 ± 0.76 min, received operation with 457.00 ± 88.04 min and had blood loss of 2330.77 ± 1423.25 ml. Four cases experienced pain due to tensional skin of the abdomen and one case suffered cerebrospinal fluid leakage postoperatively, but these patients were all cured conservatively. No neurological complications were observed, although sagittal translation occurred in four patients. Significant improvements were detected in CBVA, GK, TLK, LL and SVA postoperatively (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was observed between postoperation and the final follow-up (P > 0.05). The SRS-22 scores at 2 years after operation were significantly higher than those before operation (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

The innovative APPF provided great convenience to place patients with severe kyphosis secondary to AS in a prone position. Performing two-level osteotomy with the aid of APPF is safe, feasible and effective.


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