Ziwei Gao, Xun Sun, Chao Chen, Zhaowei Teng, Baoshan Xu, Xinlong Ma, Zheng Wang, Qiang Yang
August 2021, Volume 30, Issue 8, pp 2257 - 2270 Review Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06864-7
First Online: 13 May 2021
To compare the outcomes of sacropelvic fixation (SPF) using sacral-2-alar iliac (S2AI) screw with SPF using iliac screw (IS).
A comprehensive search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Scopus was performed for comparative studies between S2AI and IS for SPF. Two independent investigators selected qualified studies and extracted data indispensably. With 95% confidence intervals (CI), the odds ratio (OR) was applied to dichotomous outcomes and standardized mean difference (SMD) was applied to continuous outcomes for each item.
We included data from thirteen studies involving 722 patients (S2AI, 357 patients; IS, 365 patients). In the pediatric population, the S2AI group had a smaller pelvic obliquity (PO) than the IS group at final follow-up (SMD, − 0.38; 95% CI, − 0.72 to − 0.04). Patients who underwent S2AI screws showed reduced rates of re-operation (S2AI, 13%; IS, 28%), implant failure (S2AI, 12%; IS, 26%) [screw loosening (S2AI, 8%; IS, 20%); screw breakage (S2AI, 2%; IS, 12%)], implant prominence (S2AI, 2%; IS, 14%), pseudarthrosis (S2AI, 3%; IS, 15%), wound infection (S2AI, 8%; IS, 22%) and less blood loss (S2AI, 2035.4 ml; IS, 2708.4 ml).
Radiological outcomes indicate an effective maintenance of the correction and arrest of progression of deformity by S2AI, which is equal or better than IS. SPF with S2AI screw has obviously lower incidence of postoperative complications and less blood loss. Given these advantages, the S2AI screw seems to be a beneficial alternative to IS.
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