Chang-Hoon Jeon, Nam-Su Chung, Hee-Woong Chung, Ha Seung Yoon, Han-Dong Lee

May 2021, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1164 - 1172 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06740-4

First Online: 14 March 2021


This study investigated relationships of Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Short Form 36 (SF-36) total and subscale scores with global spinal parameters in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS).


This was a prospective single-center study of 126 consecutive patients with DLS. Disability was evaluated using the ODI and SF-36 total and subscale scores. Sagittal and coronal parameters were measured. Pearson’s correlation analysis was performed to determine relationships between disability and radiographic parameters.


The study population included 76 women and 15 men (mean age, 70.2 ± 8.4 years). Mean Cobb angle was 18.9° ± 8.0°. The ODI total score and SF-36 physical component score were only correlated with coronal parameters. ODI pain intensity, personal care, lifting, sitting, and sex life domains were only correlated with coronal parameters. The walking, standing, social life, and traveling domain scores were correlated with coronal and sagittal parameters. The SF-36 bodily pain and vitality domain scores were only correlated with coronal parameters. The SF-36 physical function domain score was correlated with both coronal and sagittal parameters. Among the clinical and radiographic parameters, the personal care score and the coronal vertical-axis had the strongest correlation (r = 0.425), although the r2 value was only 0.18.


ODI total score and most of the subscale scores were significantly, but weakly correlated with coronal parameters. Sagittal parameters were only correlated with some of the ODI and SF-36 subscale scores. Analysis using ODI and SF-36 subscale scores may aid in understanding and treatment of disability in patients with DLS.

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