Naresh Kumar, Andrew Thomas, Sirisha Madhu, Miguel Rafael David Ramos, Liang Shen, Joel Yong Hao Tan, Andre Villanueva, Nivetha Ravikumar, Gabriel Liu, Hee Kit Wong

October 2021, Volume 30, Issue 10, pp 2887 - 2895 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06723-5

First Online: 18 January 2021


The aim of this study was to investigate rates, causes, and risk factors of unplanned hospital readmissions (UHR) within 30 days, 90 days, 1 year and 2 years after metastatic spine tumour surgery (MSTS) to augment multi-disciplinary treatment planning and improve patient education.


We retrospectively reviewed 272-patients who underwent MSTS between 2005 and 2016. Hospital records were utilised to obtain demographics, oncological, procedural details, and postoperative outcomes. All UHR within 2 years were reviewed. Primary outcomes were rates, causes, and risk factors of UHR. Risk factors for UHR were evaluated utilising multivariate logistic regression analysis.


Thirty-day, 90 day, 1 year, and 2 year UHR-rates after MSTS were 17.2%, 31.1%, 46.2%, and 52.7%, respectively. Lung cancer primaries had the highest UHR-events (24.7%) whilst renal/thyroid displayed the least (6.6%). Disease-related causes (16.2%) were the most common reason for readmissions across all timeframes, followed by respiratory (13.7%) and progression of metastatic spine disease (12.7%). Urological conditions accounted for majority of readmissions within 30-days; disease-related causes, symptomatic spinal metastases, and respiratory conditions represented the most common causes at 30–90 days, 90 days–1 year, and 1–2 years, respectively. An ECOG >1 (p = 0.057), CCI >7 (p = 0.01), and primary lung tumour (p = 0.02) significantly increased UHR-risk on multivariate analysis.


Seventy-four percent of patients had at least one UHR within 2 years of MSTS and majority were secondary to disease-related causes. Majority of first UHR occurred between 30 and 90 days post-surgery. Local disease progression and overall disease progression account for the highest UHR-events at 90 days–1 year and 1–2 year timeframes, respectively. We define UHR in specific timeframes, thus enabling better surveillance and reducing unnecessary morbidity.

Read Full Article