Weihua Chu, Xin Chen, Xingsen Xue, Guangjian He, Jingjing Liu, Hongyan Zhang, Hua Feng, Jiangkai Lin

February 2021, pp 1 - 8 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-021-06720-8

First Online: 22 February 2021


Inadequate decompressions can lead to poor improvement of symptoms in patients with Chiari I malformation (CMI). In this study, the “all-factors-surgery” that including all levels decompressions was performed on symptomatic CMI patients for the snake of eliminating all possible pathogenic factors and reducing the chance of reoperation.


The “all-factors-surgery” combined operations of posterior fossa decompression, enlarged cranioplasty, duraplasty, cerebellar tonsil partial resection and adhesion release. Total 194 patients from January 2010 to December 2015. The outcome measures included improvement rate of symptoms, patients self-evaluation (improved, unchanged, worsened), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale (CCOS) score, the diameter of the syrinx and complications.


Postoperative data were collected from the three stages: at discharge, the short-term follow-up (average, 9.39 months), and the long-term follow-up (average, 54.44 months). Patients self-evaluation improvement rate in the three follow-up stages was 92.27%, 90.07% and 85.93%. The VAS scores (mean, 1.49, 1.21, 1.47 vs 3.76) and JOA scores (mean, 15.66, 15.99, 16.10 vs 14.84) were significant difference between the follow-up and pre-operation (P 


Symptomatic CMI patients undergoing "all-factors-surgery" had persistently high rates of symptom relief and rarely needed reoperation.

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