Chirag A. Berry, Viral V. Jain, Kedar P. Padhye, Alvin H. Crawford

January 2021, pp 1 - 9 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-020-06711-1

First Online: 08 January 2021


While posterior-alone techniques have been successful for most pediatric spinal deformities, anterior spinal release may be useful for severe rigid deformities. Traditional lateral-positioned video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical release (VATSR) followed by prone posterior spinal fusion (PSF) has been criticized for adding extensive operative morbidity. We aimed to reduce its disadvantages by performing prone VATSR and PSF simultaneously and evaluate its long-term outcomes.


All consecutive patients from 1991 to 2012 undergoing VATSR and PSF at one institution were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criteria comprised severe rigid thoracic scoliosis (> 70°, bending correction > 45°) or kyphosis (> 75°, bolster correction > 45°), and a minimum 2 year follow-up. Demographics, operative data, hospital stay, and radiographic correction data were compared between patients who had undergone sequential VATSR followed by PSF and those who had undergone these procedures simultaneously.


Of 153 patients who had undergone VATSR and PSF, 53 met the inclusion criteria (31 sequential, 22 simultaneous; average follow-up, 50 [range, 24–86] months). Age, preoperative measurements and flexibility, and perioperative complications did not differ significantly. The simultaneous group showed significantly lower operative time (449 vs. 618 min), blood loss (1039 vs. 1906 cc), and hospital stay (6.3 vs. 8.5 days) (all, p 


Our simultaneous prone VATSR and PSF technique showed significantly lower operative time, blood loss, and hospital stay compared with the traditional sequential VATSR and PSF method, suggesting its value in treating rigid deformities.

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