Takuhei Kozaki, Hiroshi Hashizume, Daisuke Nishiyama, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Shunji Tsutsui, Masanari Takami, Yasutsugu Yukawa, Akihito Minamide, Takaya Taniguchi, Keiji Nagata, Daisuke Fukui, Hidenobu Tamai, Ryo Taiji, Shizumasa Murata, Hiroyuki Oka, Hiroshi Yamada

May 2021, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1314 - 1319 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-020-06700-4

First Online: 03 January 2021


Recently, the number of adult spinal deformity surgeries including sacroiliac joint fixation (SIJF) by using an S2 alar iliac screw or iliac screw has increased to avoid the distal junctional failure. However, we occasionally experienced patients who suffered from hip pain after a long instrumented spinal fusion. We hypothesized that long spinal fusion surgery including SIJF influenced the hip joint as an adjacent joint. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the association between spinal deformity surgery including SIJF and radiographic progression of hip osteoarthritis (OA).


This study was retrospective cohort study. In total, 118 patients who underwent spinal fusion surgery at single center from January 2013 to August 2018 were included. We measured joint space width (JSW) at central space of the hip joint. We defined reduction of more than 0.5 mm/year in JSW as hip OA progression. The patients were divided into two groups depending on either a progression of hip osteoarthritis (Group P), or no progression (Group N).


The number of patients in Group P and Group N was 47 and 71, respectively. Factor that was statistically significant for hip OA was SIJF (p = 0.0065, odds ratio = 7.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.6–31.6). There were no other significant differences by the multiple logistic regression analysis.


This study identified spinal fixation surgery that includes SIJF as a predictor for radiographic progression of hip OA over 12 months. We should pay attention to hip joint lesions after adult spinal deformity surgery, including SIJF.

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