Xiaoqiu Yuan, Lei Shi, Yu Chen

April 2021, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 801 - 808 Review Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-020-06687-y

First Online: 02 January 2021


Ossification of the spinal ligament (OSL) is a disease characterized by progressive ectopic ossification or calcification in the tissues of spinal ligament. The molecular pathogenesis of OSL has not been clearly elucidated. Recently, ncRNAs was found to functionally participate in OSL development. This review summarized current knowledge regarding the deregulation and function of ncRNAs in OSL


Relevant studies on deregulation and function of ncRNAs in OSL were retrieved from the PubMed databases. Then, studies were manually selected for inclusion based on predefined criteria.


14 studies were reviewed, with 4 studies about high throughput sequencing and microarray of ncRNAs, 8 studies relevant to the function of ncRNAs and 2 studies regarding the ncRNAs as the biomarker of OSL.


ncRNA play a vital role in the ossification of spinal ligament fibrocyte, including cell osteogenesis and inflammation. ncRNAs also have potential clinical utilities as therapeutic targets, risk predication and early detection in the management of OSL.

Level of Evidence I

Diagnostic: individual cross-sectional studies with the consistently applied reference standard and blinding.

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