Jun Ouchida, Tokumi Kanemura, Kotaro Satake, Hiroaki Nakashima, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Shiro Imagama

June 2020, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 1277 - 1286 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-020-06388-6

First Online: 01 April 2020

Simultaneous single-position lateral interbody fusion and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation using O-arm-based navigation reduces the occupancy time of the operating room


Lateral interbody fusion and posterior percutaneous pedicle screw (LIF-PPS) fixation has been performed in two-stage positioning. The aim of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes of simultaneous single-position LIF-PPS fixation using O-arm-based navigation.


Overall, 102 consecutive subjects underwent indirect decompression surgery for spondylolisthesis with LIF-PPS fixation. Fifty-one subjects underwent surgery with repositioning, and 51 in the right lateral decubitus position. We compared these two groups in terms of the surgery time, occupancy time in the operating room, intraoperative blood loss, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, local lordosis acquisition in postoperative radiographs, and accuracy of screw insertion using postoperative CT scans.


In the single-position group, surgery time, occupancy time of the operating room, and estimated blood loss were 93.3 ± 19.3 min (vs. the repositioning group: 121.0 ± 37.1 min; p <  0.001), 176.3 ± 36.4 min (vs. 272.4 ± 42.7 min; p < 0.001), and 93.4 ± 78.8 ml (vs. 40.9 ± 28.7 ml; p < 0.001), respectively. The JOA scores (pre-/postoperative) were 15.1 ± 3.0/24.4 ± 2.8 (p < 0.001) for the single-position group and 15.1 ± 4.0/24.8 ± 3.0 (p < 0.001) for the repositioning group. The rate of misplacement was 1.8% versus 4.0%, respectively (p = 0.267), and the lordosis acquisition was 4.2° ± 4.1° versus 4.4° ± 3.2°, respectively (p = 0.516).


Single-position surgery exhibited comparable clinical outcomes and local lordosis acquisition with conventional repositioning LIF-PPS fixation. This single-position minimally invasive technique reduces the occupancy time of the operating room and workforce requirements.

Graphic abstract

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