Ardeshir Ardeshiri, Larry E. Miller, Claudius Thomé

November 2019, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 2572 - 2578 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-019-06036-8

First Online: 21 June 2019

Two-year real-world results of lumbar discectomy with bone-anchored annular closure in patients at high risk of reherniation


To determine the safety and effectiveness of limited lumbar discectomy with additional implantation of an annular closure device (ACD) among patients at high risk of herniation recurrence treated in routine clinical practice.


This was a prospective, single-center study of lumbar discectomy for sciatica caused by intervertebral disc herniation with adjunctive ACD implantation to reduce herniation recurrence risk among high-risk patients with large annular defects. Patients returned for follow-up visits at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 26 weeks, 1 year, and 2 years. Main outcomes included reoperation, herniation recurrence, back pain severity, leg pain severity, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). The minimum important difference was defined as ≥ 20 mm decrease relative to baseline for leg pain severity, ≥ 20 mm decrease for back pain severity, and ≥ 15-point decrease for ODI.


Among 75 high-risk patients (mean age 45 years, 59% female), the cumulative event incidence through 2 years was 4.0% for reoperation and 1.4% for herniation recurrence. Mean leg pain severity decreased from 73 to 6 (p < 0.001), back pain severity decreased from 51 to 13 (p < 0.001), and ODI decreased from 49 to 7 (p < 0.001). The percentage of patients achieving the minimum important difference was 91% for leg pain, 65% for back pain, and 94% for ODI.


In patients at high risk of herniation recurrence following limited lumbar discectomy in routine clinical practice, additional implantation of an ACD was safe and reherniation recurrence rates were low at 2-year follow-up, which is favorably compared to reported rates in high-risk patients.

Graphic abstract

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