Marco Girolami, Stefano Boriani, Stefano Bandiera, Giovanni Barbanti-Bródano, Riccardo Ghermandi, Silvia Terzi, Giuseppe Tedesco, Gisberto Evangelisti, Valerio Pipola, Alessandro Gasbarrini

November 2018, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 3073 - 3083 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-018-5708-8

First Online: 23 July 2018


Various techniques for anterior column reconstruction have been described after en bloc resection of spinal tumors. Limited evidence exists regarding one being superior to another. The purpose of this study is to evaluate 3D-printed vertebral bodies for spinal reconstruction after en bloc resection in the thoracolumbar spine.


Prospective observational study on custom-made 3D-printed titanium reconstruction of vertebral bodies after en bloc resection for spinal tumor was conducted between November 2015 and June 2017. 3D-printed vertebral bodies were monitored for mechanical complications such as (1) migration, (2) subsidence into the adjacent vertebral bodies, and/or (3) breakage. Complications and related details were recorded.


Thirteen patients (7 females and 6 males) were enrolled, and reconstruction of the anterior column was performed using custom-made 3D-printed titanium prosthesis after en bloc resection for spinal tumor (8 primary bone tumors and 5 solitary metastases). Subsidence into the adjacent vertebral bodies occurred in all patients at both proximal and distal bone–implant interfaces; however, it was clinically irrelevant (asymptomatic, and no consequences on posterior instrumentation), in 11 out of 12 patients (92%). In 1 patient (#4), severity of the subsidence led to revision of the construct. At an average 10-month follow-up (range 2–16), 1 implant was removed due to local recurrence of the disease and 1 was revisioned due to progressive distal junctional kyphosis.


Preliminary results from this series suggest that 3D printing can be effectively used to produce custom-made prosthesis for anterior column reconstruction.

Graphical abstract

These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

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