Jean-Francois Catanzariti, Marc-Alexandre Guyot, Caroline Massot, Hichem Khenioui, Olivier Agnani, Cécile Donzé


January 2016, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 438 - 443 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-015-4060-5

First Online: 16 June 2015

Purpose

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine, with unknown origin. Some studies have noted impaired postural balance in AIS, in particular, difficulty to manage situations with sensory conflict. The motion sickness susceptibility can be secondary to a sensory conflict, for example, between visual and vestibular information. Our hypothesis is: patients with AIS have difficulty in managing situations with sensory conflict and therefore have increased motion sickness susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in AIS subjects by evaluating their susceptibility to motion sickness, as compared to a control group.

Methods

We conducted an analysis of data on motion sickness susceptibility collected prospectively from 2012, with the B score of motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire. This evaluation was completed for 65 adolescents (age 14.5 ± 1.6 year) with major right thoracic AIS (Cobb = 40.7° ± 13.1°) and 71 matched controls (14.6 ± 1.6 year).

Results

Adolescents with major right thoracic AIS were more susceptible to motion sickness (B score = 5.3 ± 5.8) than controls (B score = 3.4 ± 3.7) with significant difference (p = 0.025).

Conclusions

We interpret our results suggesting there is difficulty for patients with AIS to manage situations with sensory conflict. Previous studies focusing on situations with sensory conflict in AIS have required sophisticated technology. They are not accessible for routine patient management. Our research shows the same result with simple, non invasive, low-cost and quick method: B score of motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire.


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