E. Ferrero, S. Pesenti, B. Blondel, J. L. Jouve, K. Mazda, B. Ilharreborde

November 2014, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 2635 - 2642 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-014-3566-6

First Online: 11 September 2014


Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves (Lenke 1–4) are often characterized by hypokyphosis. Sagittal alignment remains challenging to correct, even with recent posterior segmental instrumentation. Some authors recommend anterior endoscopic release (AER) to reduce anterior column height, and facilitate thoracic kyphosis correction. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of AER to sagittal correction in hypokyphotic AIS.


Fifty-six hypokyphotic (T4T12


Groups 1 and 2 were comparable regarding demographic data and preoperative thoracic kyphosis (group 1: 11.7° ± 6.9° vs group 2: 12.1° ± 6.3°, p = 0.89). Postoperative thoracic kyphosis increase averaged 18.3° ± 13.6° in group 1 and 15.2° ± 9.0° in group 2. The benefit of anterior release was not statistically significant (p = 0.35).


Although previous studies have suggested that thoracoscopic release improved correction compared to posterior surgery alone, the current study did not confirm this finding. Moreover, results of the current series showed that no significant benefit can be expected from AER in terms of sagittal plane improvement when the posteromedial translation technique is used, even in challenging hypokyphotic patients.

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