Diego Garbossa, Matteo Pejrona, Marco Damilano, Valerio Sansone, Alessandro Ducati, Pedro Berjano

October 2014, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 616 - 627 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-014-3558-6

First Online: 12 September 2014


Spinal deformities and pathologies of the spinopelvic junction are conditions affecting up to 60–70 % of the general aging population. In this review, we discuss the more recent knowledge on sagittal balance and its clinical implications.


Review of the literature regarding global spine balance.


Global spinal balance and its relationship to the pelvis correlate closely with disability and quality of life. It has been demonstrated that extensive surgery, previously considered to have poor balance between risks and outcomes, causes great improvements in health-related quality of life in the oldest age groups.


Failure to restore normal sagittal alignment in patients primarily operated for other than deformity results in unacceptable rates of poor results and revision surgery.

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