Lei Dang, Chen Liu, Shao Min Yang, Liang Jiang, Zhong Jun Liu, Xiao Guang Liu, Hui Shu Yuan, Feng Wei, Miao Yu

October 2012, Volume 21, Issue 10, pp 1994 - 1999 Grand Rounds Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-012-2349-1

First Online: 26 June 2012


Vertebral hemangioma (VH) is virtually vascular malformation, which is usually asymptomatic. Only 3.7 % of VH may become active and symptomatic, and 1 % may invade the spinal canal and/or paravertebral space. Treatment protocols for active or aggressive VHs are still in controversy. Reported treatments include radiotherapy, vertebroplasty, direct alcohol injection, embolization, surgery and a combination of these modalities.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]


A 41-year-old lady was presented with 18 month history of intermittent back pain. CT revealed T5 osteolytic lesion with epidural and paravertebral extension. The first CT guided biopsy yielded little information.


Histopathological diagnosis of the second biopsy was VH. Vertebroplasty, posterior decompression and fixation were performed followed by postoperative radiotherapy. Her symptoms were resolved immediately after the operation. At 12 months follow-up, no recurrence was detected by CT with contrast enhancement.


Surgical decompression, vertebroplasty and fixation are safe and effective for aggressive VH. More attention is needed in determining the algorithm for the diagnosis and treatment of aggressive VH.

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