Carolin Schmidt, Ulf Liljenqvist, Thomas Lerner, Tobias L. Schulte, Viola Bullmann

July 2011, Volume 20, Issue 7, pp 1118 - 1126 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-011-1784-8

First Online: 06 April 2011

Posterior pedicle screw fixation is now the standard treatment for surgical correction of idiopathic scoliosis and has largely replaced anterior techniques, but there have been reports describing a lordogenic effect of segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in the thoracic spine. This clinical study compared anterior dual rod instrumentation with posterior pedicle screw fixation for idiopathic thoracic lordoscoliosis, including 42 patients (7 male, 35 female; average age 16 years, range 12–34) who underwent posterior pedicle screw fixation (n = 20) or anterior dual rod instrumentation (n = 22) at two centers. The average follow-up period was 33 months (24–108 months). Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with a structural thoracic curve (Lenke 1–3) and thoracic hypokyphosis (T4–T12 < 20°). The main thoracic curve magnitude and sagittal profile on standing radiographs were evaluated. Thoracic kyphosis was significantly restored from preoperatively 10.2° to 23.4° postoperatively in the anterior group and from 7.6° to 12.9° in the posterior group (P < 0.005). Kyphosis improved significantly better in the anterior group than in the posterior group (P < 0.005). The preoperative and postoperative main thoracic curve values were 63° (48–80°) and 25.2° in the anterior group and 60.6° (50–88°) and 23.6° in the posterior group, with no significant differences between the groups. No neurological or other severe complications were observed. Anterior dual rod instrumentation in patients with thoracic lordoscoliosis allows significantly better restoration of thoracic kyphosis than posterior pedicle screw instrumentation.

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