Seiji Ohtori, Munetaka Suzuki, Takana Koshi, Masashi Takaso, Masaomi Yamashita, Gen Inoue, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi, Kazuki Kuniyoshi, Nobuyasu Ochiai, Shunji Kishida, Junichi Nakamura, Yasuchika Aoki, Tetsuhiro Ishikawa, Gen Arai, Masayuki Miyagi, Hiroto Kamoda, Miyako Suzuki, Tomoaki Toyone, Kazuhisa Takahashi


May 2011, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 942 - 946 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-010-1595-3

First Online: 17 October 2010

In pathologic radicular pain of lumbar spinal stenosis, cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukins (ILs) play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of nerve degeneration and pain. We investigated TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with radicular pain caused by lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). A total of 30 LSS patients and 10 age-matched controls were examined. CSF samples were obtained adjacent to the level of stenosis in 30 LSS patients, and at the L4–L5 level in the 10 control patients. TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the samples were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). We compared the amounts of TNF-α and IL-6 with severity of pain (low back and leg pain), walking ability, and severity of stenosis (cross-sectional area of dural space). The concentration of IL-6 was significantly higher in LSS patients than in controls, but TNF-α levels were beneath the limit of detection. There was no correlation between IL-6 levels and severity of pain or walking ability (p > 0.05). However, there was a significant correlation between IL-6 levels and severity of stenosis (p 


Read Full Article