Proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow stem cells: comparison of vertebral body and iliac crest
Woo-Kie Min, Jae-Sung Bae, Byung-Chul Park, In-Ho Jeon, Hee Kyung Jin, Min-Jung Son, Eui Kyun Park, Shin-Yoon Kim
October 2010, Volume 19, Issue 10, pp 1753 - 1760 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-010-1424-8
First Online: 13 May 2010
Bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) can be obtained from the vertebral body (VB) and iliac crest (IC) for augmenting spinal arthrodesis. However, it is still not evaluated, which of the two sites would have a better BMSCs potential on Proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation is still not evaluated. Fourteen patients (10 men and 4 women) undergoing posterolateral lumbar arthrodesis and pedicle screw instrumentation were involved. The mean age was 54.7 years (range 31–75 years). Bone marrow aspirates were obtained from the vertebral body through the bilateral pedicle and were quantified relative to matched, bilateral aspirates from the iliac crest that were obtained from the same patient and at the same time. The mononuclear cell count and concentration of BMSCs were calculated and compared. Proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation of each of the BMSCs were characterized using biochemical and molecular biology techniques. Concentration (cells/mL) of BMSCs from VB and IC were 3.73 × 103 and 3.19 × 103, respectively (P > 0.05). VB and IC exhibited similar proliferation pattern at 3, 5 and 7 days, but BMSCs from the VB exhibited an increased mineralization staining with Alizarin Red S at 14 days. BMSCs from both anatomic sites expressed comparable levels of CD29, CD34, CD44, CD90 and CD105. VB and IC displayed similar levels of expression of ALP, type I collagen and osterix, but VB expressed higher level of osteocalcin and Runx-2, especially at 14 and 21 days. Our studies show that BMSCs from VB have osteogenic differentiation potential similar to IC. Based on these findings, we suggest that BMSCs from VB would be comparable candidates for osseous graft supplementation especially in spinal fusion procedures.
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