Vincenzo Denaro, Alberto Di Martino, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Vincenzo Costa, Rocco Papalia, Francisco Forriol, Luca Denaro

November 2008, Volume 17, Issue 12, pp 1752 - 1756 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-008-0802-y

First Online: 07 October 2008

Aim of this prospective randomized trial was to analyze the effectiveness of MESNA in chemical dissection of peridural fibrosis in patients who underwent revision lumbar spine surgery. Between January 2003 and October 2006, 30 patients who underwent revision lumbar spine surgery were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a study group (A) and a control group (B). Once peridural fibrosis was exposed, MESNA (Uromixetan MESNA, 50 mg/ml) was intraoperatively applied on the fibrous tissue (Group A) to ease tissue dissection and enter the canal. In patients of Group B, saline solution was used. Surgical time, preoperative and 1 week postoperative hemoglobin (Hb), length of hospitalization (days), and incidence of perioperative complications were evaluated. The blinded surgeon assigned the surgeries to one of four categories as none, minimal, moderate, and severe basing on intraoperative difficulty in dissecting the fibrous tissue and intraoperative bleeding. Statistical analysis used chi-square analysis to evaluate the difference in surgery difficulty and the incidence of intraoperative complications between the two groups. The analysis of surgical time and hemoglobin levels was performed using a one-sample Wilcoxon test and Mann–Whitney U test. Patients in whom MESNA was used intraoperatively (Group A) presented better intraoperative and perioperative parameters with respect to the control group. Average surgical time and decrease in Hb postoperatively were more in the saline group (B) respect to MESNA (A) (P = 0.004 and P = 0.001, respectively), while no difference in average hospital stay was reported between the two groups. Surgeon-blinded intraoperative report on surgical difficulty showed a significant difference between the two groups (P 

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