D. Briem, W. Linhart, W. Lehmann, P. G. Begemann, G. Adam, U. Schumacher, D. M. Cullinane, J. M. Rueger, J. Windolf

July 2005, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 757 - 763 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-005-0992-5

First Online: 12 July 2005

Currently there are few data available regarding the application and efficacy of computer-assisted procedures in the sacral spine. In order to optimize and standardize this procedure, a controlled experimental investigation has been performed. The aim of the study is to systematically assess the efficacy of a novel three-dimensional image intensifier used for navigated transiliac screw insertion into the first sacral vertebra. Screws were inserted iliosacrally into the first sacral vertebra of preserved human cadaver specimens. The instrument navigated procedure was performed with the “Siremobil Iso-C3D ” (Siemens Medical Solutions) and the “Navigation System” by Stryker. The accuracy and quality of the imaging procedure as well as the fluoroscopic exposure times were measured. These results were compared to three control groups (CT-based navigation, C-arm navigation, and fluoroscopic guidance). In each group a total amount of 20 screws was implanted. Screw position was postoperatively assessed by Iso-C3D or CT-scan. The navigated procedure using the Iso-C3D provided good feasibility characteristics without requiring a specific matching process. It revealed the shortest procedure time of all navigated procedures and significantly decreased fluoroscopic time compared to C-arm navigation and fluoroscopic guidance. Furthermore, Iso-C3D navigation showed no screw malposition and was in this regard superior to C-arm navigated and fluoroscopic guided procedures. The quality of imaging was sufficient for accurate placement, but did not share the high-resolution level of CT-based navigation. These findings indicate that application of the Iso-C3D for navigated transiliac screw insertion into S1 can be recommended as a feasible and safe technique, enabling the surgeon to reduce procedure and fluoroscopic time. Further progress in improving the quality of the Iso-C3D image should be attempted.

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