Ulf R. Liljenqvist, Viola Bullmann, Tobias L. Schulte, Lars Hackenberg, Henry F. Halm
July 2006, Volume 15, Issue 7, pp 1118 - 1127 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-005-0020-9
First Online: 12 April 2006
For anterior correction and instrumentation of thoracic curves single rod techniques are widely used. Disadvantages of this technique include screw pullouts, rod fractures and limited control of kyphosis. This is a prospective study of 23 consecutive patients with idiopathic thoracic scoliosis treated with a new anterior dual rod system. Aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this new technique in the surgical treatment of idiopathic thoracic scoliosis. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the largest series on dual rod dual screw instrumentation over the entire fusion length in thoracic scoliosis. Twenty-three patients with an average age of 15 years were surgically treated with a new anterior dual rod system through a standard open double thoracotomy approach. Average clinical and radiological follow-up was 28 months (24–46 months). Fusion was carried out mostly from end-to-end vertebra. The primary curve was corrected from 66.6° to 28.3° (57.5% correction) with an average loss of correction of 2.0° at Cobb levels and of 1.3° at fusion levels. Spontaneous correction of the secondary lumbar curve averaged 43.2% (preoperative Cobb angle 41.2°). The apical vertebral rotation was corrected by 41.1% with a consecutive correction of the rib hump of clinically 66.7%. The thoracic kyphosis measured 29.2° preoperatively and 33.6° at follow-up. In seven patients with a preoperative hyperkyphosis of on average 47.3° thoracic kyphosis was corrected to 41.0°. This new instrumentation enables an entire dual rod instrumentation over the whole thoracic fusion length. It offers primary stability without the need of postoperative bracing. Dual screw dual rod instrumentation offers the advantages of a high screw pullout resistance, an increased overall stability and satisfactory sagittal plane control.
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