B. J. A. Lankester, N. Garneti, G. C. Bannister


June 2004, Volume 13, Issue 7, pp 605 - 609 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-004-0686-4

First Online: 10 June 2004

There are many definitions and classifications of chronic neck pain and of neck pain following whiplash injury, many of them developed for a single study. This study compares three different outcome measures (neck disability index, Gargan and Bannister grade, general health questionnaire) in 277 patients who were examined for medicolegal reporting following isolated whiplash injury. There is significant correlation between the physical outcome scales and also between the physical and psychological outcome scales examined (both p <0.01). Definitions of chronic neck pain (with or without whiplash injury) and measures to assess and classify patients with chronic symptoms are reviewed. We recommend the use of a simple self-administered questionnaire that does not require physical measurement as the most useful tool in the evaluation of these patients and the most accurate method of classifying outcome.


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