Raoul H. Engelbert, Cuno S. Uiterwaal, Annelies van der Hulst, Baukje Witjes, Paul J. Helders, Hans E. Pruijs


April 2003, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 130 - 134 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-002-0491-x

First Online: 01 April 2003

We studied the relationship between the age of reaching motor milestones, especially anti-gravity activities, and the age of development of pathological spinal curvatures in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We hypothesized that earlier achievement of anti-gravity motor milestones predicts a later development of pathological spinal curvatures. Ninety-six children participated in this retrospective study. The severity of the disease was classified according to Sillence into types I–IV. Spinal radiography was performed annually and spinal deformities were measured according to the Cobb angle. Scoliosis was defined as a Cobb angle exceeding 9°. Pathological thoracic kyphosis was defined as a Cobb angle exceeding 40°. The parents were asked to report the age at which the child achieved motor milestones, and data were checked against health care records. Thirty-seven of 96 children (39%) developed a scoliosis of more than 9°. Nine of 96 children (9%) developed a pathological kyphosis. The age of developing scoliosis was significantly lower than the age of development of the pathological kyphosis (P=0.01). Bone mineral density was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in 53 children, 28 of whom developed scoliosis, and 25 of whom did not. The mean DEXA Z-score of the 28 children with scoliosis was significantly lower than that of the 25 children without (–5.2, SD 1.3 vs –3.2, SD 1.9; P-value


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