J. Sevastik, R. G. Burwell, P. H. Dangerfield

February 2003, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 440 - 450 Innovations Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-002-0489-4

First Online: 25 February 2003

There is no generally accepted scientific theory for the etiology of idiopathic scoliosis, and treatment is pragmatic and unrelated to such knowledge. As part of its mission to widen understanding of scoliosis etiology, the International Federated Body on Scoliosis Etiology (IBSE) introduced the electronic focus group (EFG) as a means of increasing debate of extant knowledge on important topics. This has been designated as an on-line Delphi discussion, and has proven very successful. The text for this EFG was written by Professor Sevastik and drawn from the extensive research carried out by himself and his co-workers. The thoracospinal concept of etiopathogenesis applies only to girls with right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (Rcx-T-AIS-F). According to this concept, increased longitudinal growth of the left periapical ribs triggers the thoracic curve simultaneously in the three cardinal planes. The concept does not deal with factors involved in curve progression. Sevastik advocates mini-invasive operations on the ribs as a treatment for early progressive thoracic curves. Areas of controversy include whether or not there is overgrowth of the left periapical ribs in Rcx-T-AIS-F, and the question of whether there should be a clinical trial of mini-invasive operations on the ribs.

Read Full Article